Aufsteller mit dem Logo der Medienanstalten im Innenbereich des Atrium Friedrichstraße, Sitz der Gemeinsamen Geschäftsstelle der Medienanstalten.

The Media Authorities

die medienanstalten – this is the umbrella brand of the 14 Media Authorities in Germany. They are responsible for the licenses and supervision of radio and television broadcasters. They monitor compliance with advertising rules and provisions on youth protection as well as promoting projects on imparting media competence. They support the introduction of new broadcasting technology and advocate securing diversity in private broadcasting.

14 Media Authorities exist in Germany. On behalf of the states, they work together on central tasks and projects under the umbrella brand die medienanstalten. This ensures that private radio and television stations throughout Germany are regulated in a uniform way and that the media authorities in European media policy speak with one voice.


The cooperation is conducted in 4 central commissions:

  • Commission on Licensing and Supervision (Kommission für Zulassung und Aufsicht, ZAK)
  • Committee Chairperson Conference (Gremienvorsitzendenkonferenz, GVK)
  • Commission on Concentration in the Media (Kommission zur Ermittlung der Konzentration im Medienbereich, KEK)
  • Commission for the Protection of Minors in the Media (Kommission für Jugendmedienschutz, KJM)

The ZAK is responsible for licenses and control of nationwide private broadcasters, regulation of platforms, as well as development of digital broadcasting.

The GVK makes the selection decision for allocating platforms and assigning wireless transmission capacities to private providers.

The KEK monitors compliance with regulations for securing diversity of opinions in nationwide private television.

The KJM is the central point of contact for youth protection in private television and radio as well as the internet.

Another internal organ is the DLM: the Direktorenkonferenz der Landesmedienanstalten (Director’s Conference of the State Media Authorities). In general, preparation for setting the media policy course takes place here, for example on subjects such as law, technology/convergence, media competence, and Europe.


Germany has a dual broadcasting system, which includes public service broadcasting programmes and private television and radio channels. Private programmes such as RTL, Sat. 1, Klassik Radio, or Energy primarily finance themselves through advertising. The public broadcasting corporations ARD and ZDF receive money from broadcasting license fees.

Supervision is also regulated in different ways. "die medienanstalten" form the exclusive point of contact for private radio and television broadcasters.

Why 14 Media Authorities?

According to constitutional law, broadcasting is a state matter in Germany. This also applies to broadcasting supervision. For this reason, nearly every German state has a Media Authority. Berlin and Brandenburg as well as Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein have joint Media Authorities.

Legal foundations

The Media Authorities work on the basis of the Interstate Broadcasting Agreement, the Youth Media Protection Agreement, and the state media laws. The cooperation is regulated in the Interstate Broadcasting Agreement. The tasks of the four commissions ZAK, KEK, KJM, and GVK are also described here.

Legal Basis

Interstate Treaty on Broadcasting in Unified Germany (Rundfunkstaatsvertrag)
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Interstate Treaty on the Protection of Human Dignity and the Protection of Minors in Broadcasting and in Telemedia (Jugendmedienschutz-Staatsvertrag)
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Audiovisual Media Service Directive (AVMSD)
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Screenshot der interaktiven Deutschlandkarte, über die man an die Adressen der Landesmedienanstalten kommt.

Contact and adresses of the 14 Media Authorities in Germany

Joint Management Office

The Joint Management Office of the Media Authorities coordinates the supranational remits of the bodies and commissions belonging to the Media Authorities.